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Important Treaties in the History of India:

Treaty of Purandar (1665)
The Treaty of Purandar was signed in 1665 between the Rajput ruler Jai Singh I, who was commander of the Mughal Empire, and Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji was forced to sign the agreement after Jai Singh besieged Purandar fort. When Shivaji realised that war with the Mughal Empire would only cause damage to the empire and that his men would suffer heavy losses, he choose to make a treaty.
Treaty of Alinagar (1757)
The Treaty of Alinagar was signed in 1757 between Robert Clive of the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj Ud Daula. As per the terms of the treaty all British goods that passed through Bengal would be exempt from duties.
Treaty of Allahabad (1765)
The Treaty of Allahabad was signed in 1765, between the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, son of the late Emperor Alamgir II, and Lord Robert Clive, of the East India Company, as a outcome of the Battle of Buxar of 1764. As per the terms of the agreement, Alam granted the East India Company Diwani rights, or the right to collect taxes on behalf of the Emperor from the eastern province of Bengal-Bihar-Orissa. This Treaty marks the political and constitutional involvement and the beginning of British rule in India.
Treaty of Purandar (1776)
The Treaty of Purandar was a doctrine signed in 1776 by the Peshwa of the Maratha people and the government of the British East India Company in Calcutta. Based on the terms of the accord, the British were able to secure Salsette.
Treaty of Wadgaon (1779)
In the First Anglo Maratha War in 1779, Mahadhji Shinde joined the Maratha forces and defeated the British. As a result the British signed the treaty of Wadgaon as per terms of the Marathas. The Treaty stipulated that the British will surrender all the territories acquired by them since 1773 and will pay Rs 41,000 as indemnity.
But this treaty was held invalid by Warren Hastings and a new treaty called Treaty of Salbai was signed between the British and the Marathas.
Treaty of Salbai (1782)
The Treaty of Salbai was signed in 1782 between the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company to settle the First Anglo- Maratha War. Under its terms, the Company retained control of Salsette and Broach.
Treaty of Seringapatam (1792)
The Treaty of Seringapatam was signed between Lord Cornwallis on behalf of the British East India Company, representatives of the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Maratha Empire, and Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Mysore. It ended the third Anglo-Mysore War.
Treaty of Lahore (1846)
The Treaty of Lahore was signed between Governor-General Sir Henry Hardinge on behalf of British and members of the Lahore Durbar acting on behalf of seven-year-old Maharaja Duleep Singh Bahadur. This treaty marked the end of First Anglo-Sikh War.
Treaty of Amritsar (1846)
The Treaty of Amritsar was signed in 1846 which formalised the arrangements in the Treaty of Lahore between the British East India Company and Maharaja Gulab Singh Dogra after the First Anglo-Sikh War. As per this treaty the British sold large part of Kashmir to Maharaja Gulab Singh. This treaty marked the beginning of Dogra rule in the state of Jammu and Kashmir which ruled till 1947.