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Vice-President of India:

Election, Eligibility, Tenure, Functions and List of Vice-President of India:

1. The Vice-President is elected indirectly.
2. He is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.
3. The voting at such election is by secret ballot.
4. The Vice-President shall not be a member of either House of Parliament.
5. For resolving disputes and doubts relating to the election of the Vice-President the Supreme Court has the final and exclusive jurisdiction.
No person shall be eligible for election as Vice-President unless he-
1. is a citizen of India,
2. has completed the age of thirty five years,
3. possess the qualification for membership of Rajya Sabha,
4. must not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Government.
Tenure of the Vice-President:
1. The Vice-President holds office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office.
2. He may be writing under his hand and addressed to the President resign his office.
3. The Vice-President can be removed from his office by a resolution of Council of States passed by a majority of all the then members of the Council of States and agreed to by the House of the People.
4. The Vice-President can be re-elected.
1. He is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
2. He presides over the sessions of the Rajya Sabha and has the right of casting vote in the case of an equality of votes.
3. In the event of the occurrences of any vacancy in the office of the President by reason of his death, resignation or otherwise, the Vice-President shall act as President until a new President is elected and enters upon his office.
4. When the President is unable to discharge his functions owing to absence, illness or any other cause, the Vice-President shall discharge his functions until the date on which the President resumes his duties.
5. When the Vice-President acts as the President, he gets the emoluments of the President and enjoys all the powers and immunities of the President.

List of Vice-Presidents of India and their tenure:

Vice-Presidents of IndiaTenure
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan1952-1967
Dr. Zakir Husain1962-1967
Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri1967-1969
Shri Gopal Swarup Pathak1969-1974
Shri B. D. Jatti1974-1979
Mohammad Hidyatullah1979-1984
Shri R Venkataraman1984-1987
Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma1987-1992
Shri K. R. Narayanan1992-1997
Shri Krishan Kant1997-2002
Shri Bhairon Singh Shekhawat2002-2007
Mohd. Hamid Ansari 2007 to till date

Objective Questions on Election, Eligibility, Tenure and Functions of Vice-Presidents of India frequently asked in SSC, CDS, NDA, PSC, Railways and other competitive examinations-
1. Who is the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha?
(a) President of India
(b) Vice-President of India
(c) Prime Minister of India
(d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

2. Who elects the Vice-President of India?
(a) Members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
(b) Elected members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
(c) Elected members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and State Assemblies
(d) Members of Lok Sabha only

3. Who among the following did not serve as the Vice-President of India before becoming President of India?
(a) Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(b) Dr. Zakir Husain
(c) Shri K. R. Narayanan
(d) Neelaml Sanjeeva Reddy

4. Vice-President of India hold office for a term of?
(a) 3 years
(b) 4 years
(c) 5 years
(d) 6 years

5. Which one of the following is not appointed by the President of India?
(a) Chief Justice of Supreme Court
(b) Governors of the States
(c) Vice-President of India
(d) Chief Justice of High Court

6. Vice-President give his resignation to the?
(a) President of India
(b) Chief Justice of India
(c) Parliament
(d) Prime Minister

7. What is the minimum age prescribed for election as Vice-President of India?
(a) 18 years
(b) 25 years
(c) 30 years
(d) 35 years

8. When President of India dies while in office, the Vice-President can act as President for a maximum period of?
(a) 3 months
(b) 6 months
(c) 9 months
(d) 1 year

9. When the Vice-President officiates as President he draws the salary of?
(a) Chairman of Rajya Sabha
(b) President
(c) Member of Parliament
(d) Both a and c

10. Which of the following is not the function of Vice-President of India?
(a) He acts as the ex-officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha
(b) He presides over the sessions of the Rajya Sabha
(c) He presides over the joint session of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
(d) In the event of vacancy in the office of the President he shall act as President

Answers - 1(b), 2(a), 3(d), 4(c), 5(c), 6(a), 7(d), 8(b), 9(b) and 10(c).