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Dance Forms of India:


Dance FormsImportant Points
Bharat Natyam1. It is a classical Indian dance form that is popular and developed in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
2. It was earlier knowns as Dasi Attam or Sadir and was practised by Devadasis in the South Indian temples so it went into disrepute.
3. E. Krishna Iyer raised the social status of Bharata Natyam and greatly popularized it.
4. Rukmini Devi Arundale was instrumental in reviving Bharat Natyam by learning it herself and infulencing others.
5. The music for Bharat Natyam dance form is the Carnatic Style.
Kathakali1. This dance form originated in Kerala.
2. It is a stylized classical Indian dance-drama noted for the attractive make-up of characters, elaborate costumes, detailed gestures and well-defined body movements presented in tune with the anchor playback music and complementary percussion.
3. It is regarded as the Ballet of the East.
Kathak1. It is a popular dance form of North India, mainly Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
2. Kathak narrates stories form epics. The Radha-Krishna legend is the central theme.
3. The name Kathak is derived from the Sanskrit word katha meaning story, and kathaka in Sanskrit means he who tells a story, or to do with stories.
Odishi1. It is a classical dance form of Odisha.
2. It was evolved in the famous temple- Venkateshwara in Bhubaneswar, the Jagannath Temple in Puri and the Konark Sun Temple.
3. In the 12th century this dance form was performed by Maharis (Oriya devadasis or temple girls) based on the lyrics of Jayadev's Gita Govinda.
4. Later Gotipuas, men dressed as women performed this dance form in the coutyard of the temple.
5. Padma Vibushan Kelucharan Mohapatra, Guru Pankaj Charan Das, Guru Deba Prasad Das and Guru Raghunath Dutta were the four major gurus who revived Odissi in the late forties and early fifties. Sanjukta Panigrahi was a leading disciple of Kelucharan Mohapatra who popularised Odissi dance form by performing in India and abroad.
Manipuri1. It is a classical dance form of Manipur.
2. The cult of Radha and Krishna, particularly the raslila, is central to its themes.
3. The rasas of Bhagvad Gita are explicitly presented in the Manipuri dance.
4. Guru Naba Kumar, Guru Bipin Singh, Rajkumar Singhajit Singh, his wife Charu Sija Mathur, Darshana Jhaveri are some of the prominent exponents of this classical dance form.
Kuchipudi1. It is a classical dance form of Andhra Pradesh.
2. It came into existence in the 17th century through the Bhakti cult in a village named Kuchelapuram in Andhra Pradesh.
3. The dance is accompanied by song which is typically Carnatic music.
4. Hindu mythology, especially Krishna-Bhama-Rukmini stories are central to its themes.