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States and Union Territories of the Indian Union

State:Capital:Main Languages:
Andhra PradeshHyderabad (founded in the year 1591 by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah)Telugu and Urdu
Arunachal PradeshItanagarApatani, Bangni, Tagin, Hills Miri, Galo, Adi
AssamDispurAssamese, Bodo
BiharPatna (earlier known as Patliputra)Hindi, Urdu, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Magadhi
ChattisgarhRaipurChhattisgarhi and Hindi
GoaPanaji (Christianity is one of the dominant religions followed in the region)Konkani and Marathi
GujaratGandhinagarGujarati
HaryanaChandigarh (also the capital of Punjab)Haryanvi and Hindi
Himachal PradeshShimlaHindi and Pahari
JharkhandRanchiSanthali, Mundari, Kurukh, Khortha, Hindi, Bengali, Oriya
Jammu & KashmirSrinagar(Summer) &
Jammu (Winter)
Urdu, Kashmiri, Ladakhi
KarnatakaBengaluruKannada
KeralaThiruvananthpuram (Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is the symbol of Thiruvananthpuram)Malayalam
Madhya PradeshBhopalHindi
MaharashtraMumbai (earlier known as Bombay)Marathi
ManipurImphal (Loktak Lake, the biggest freshwater lake in North-Eastern India is in Imphal)Manipuri
MeghalayaShillong (Shillong was originally Assam's capital from 1874 to January 1974)Khasi, Garo, English
MizoramAizwalMizo
NagalandKohimaEnglish, Konyak, Angami
OrissaBhubaneshwarOriya
PunjabChandigarh (also the capital of Haryana)Punjabi
RajasthanJaipur (also known as Pink City)Hindi, Rajasthani
SikkimGangtokNepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Hindi, English
Tamil NaduChennai (earlier known as Madras)Tamil.
TelenganaHyderabadTelugu and Urdu
TripuraAgartala (it lies on the bank of Haora River)Bengali and Kokborok
Uttar PradeshLucknow (also known as City of Nawabs)Hindi
UttarakhandDehradunKumaoni, Garhwali
West BengalKolkata (earlier known as Calcutta)Bengali


Union Territory:Capital:
Main Languages:
Delhi (National Capital Territory)DelhiHindi and English.
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsPortblair Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Nicobarese and Telugu.
ChandigarhChandigarh (designed by Le Corbusier)Hindi, Punjabi.
Dadra and Nagar HaveliSilvassaBhili, Bhilodi, Hindi, Gujarati.
Daman & DiuDaman (lies on the Gujarat Coast)Gujarati, Marathi.
Lakshadweep
(smallest Union Territory)
Kavaratti Malayalam.
PondicherryPondicherryMalyalam, Telugu, Tamil, French.