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Current Affairs October 2018

NATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS AND EVENTS

The Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is observed every year in India on 31st October to commemorate the birth anniversary of which leader?
He played major role in the unification of more than 500 princely states into the Indian Union after independence from the British.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Statue of Sardar Vallabbhai Patel, the world's largest statue was inaugurated in Gujarat. It is also known as Statue of _________.
The total cost of the project is said to be Rs 2,989 crores.
Unity
What is the height of the statue dedicated to the Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabbhai Patel?
The statue is now the tallest statue in the world. It is 23 meters taller than China's Spring Temple Buddha statue and nearly two times taller than America's Statue of Liberty (93 meters).
182 meters
First edition of North East Olympic Games was held in which city of North-Eastern India?
The event was concluded on 28th October 2018. Athletes from the eight northeastern states competed in 12 different disciplines such as Athletics, Archery, Badminton, Boxing, Football, Judo, Karate-Do, Shooting, Table Tennis, Taekwondo, Weightlifting and Wushu at the sporting event.
Imphal
Which two nations were declared joint winners of the Asian Champions Trophy (Hockey)?
Both the teams were declared winners after the summit clash was called off due to heavy rain.
India and Pakistan
Name the former Chief Minister of Delhi who passed away on 27th October 2018 after a prolonged illness?
He served as the Chief Minister of Delhi from 1993 to 1996.
Madan Lal Khurana
Which bank recently decided to change its name due to its merger with 'Capital First'? IDFC Bank (New name would be IDFC First Bank Ltd)
Which cricketer became the fastest batsman to reach 10000 runs in ODIs in 205 innings?
Earlier Sachin Tendulkar was the fastest batsman to score 10000 runs in ODIs in 259 innings.
Virat Kohli
Who was appointed as the Director of CBI after removal of Alok Verma as its chief? M Nageswar Rao
Which Indian personality was awarded the 2018 Seoul Peace Prize?
The award was given in recognition of his contribution to the growth of India.
Narendra Modi
India’s first luxury cruise ship service was launched between which two places? Mumbai and Goa
Name India's investment promotion body which has won the UN Award for excellence in promoting investments in sustainable development? Invest India
What is the name of India’s first made-in-India engineless train?
The train which looks like a bullet train is designed and manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) at a cost of Rs 100 crore.
Train-18
The first National Sports Stadium for differently-abled is set to come up in which state? Meghalaya
From which date Bharat Stage-IV (BS-IV) vehicles will be banned for sale in India?
The Bharat stage emission standards are standards instituted by the government to regulate the output of air pollutants from motor vehicles.
1st April 2020
Who won the India’s first medal in Athletics at the Youth Olympic Games 2018?
He won silver in men’s 5000m race walk event. The Youth Olympic Games 2018 was held at Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Suraj Panwar
Name the Union Minister of State for External Affairs who resigned recently from his post over sexual harassment allegations? MJ Akbar
What was the theme of Vigilance Awareness Week which was observed across India from 29th October to 3rd November by the Central Vigilance Commission? Eradicate Corruption - Build a New India
On which day National Police Commemoration Day was observed across India?
The day is observed on 21 October every year to pay homage to the 10 men of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) who were killed in an ambush by Chinese troops in 1959 in Ladakh’s Hot Spring area.
21st October
What was India’s rank in Global Competitiveness Index 2018?
The ranking was released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) on 16th October 2018.
58th
What was the theme of the second India Mobile Congress 2018?
It was held in Aerocity, Delhi from 25th October to 27th October 2018.
New Digital Horizons, Connect. Create. Innovate
The famous Shahi litchi which recently got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag belongs to which state? Bihar
Which team won the Vijay Hazare Trophy defeating Delhi in the finals held at Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru? Mumbai
At which venue Krishi Kumbh 2018 (International Conference and Exhibition) was held from 26th October 2018 to 28th October 2018? Indian Institute Of Sugarcane Research(IISR), Lucknow
Name the Indian sportsperson who won the 2018 World Billiards Championship defeating Peter Gilchrist of Singapore? Sourav Kothari
Name the Indian agricultural scientist who has been chosen for the first World Agriculture Prize instituted by Indian Council of Food and Agriculture? MS Swaminathan
IRCTC has launched a new artificial intelligence-enabled chat bot to provide information related to catering or other value added services offered by IRCTC. What is the name of this new feature? Ask Disha
Name India's first 'fully organic' state which won the Food and Agricultural Organisation's (FAO) Future Policy Gold Award? Sikkim
Name the cyclone which hit the coasts of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha recently? Titli
Name the former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand and former Governor of Andhra Pradesh who passed away on 18th October 2018? Narayan Datt Tiwari
Name the veteran music composer who has been chosen for the 2018 Hridaynath Mangeshkar Award? Khayyam
Who has been appointed as the Solicitor General of India?
He will succeed Shri Ranjeet Kumar.
Shri Tushar Mehta
Which railway zone has become Unmanned Level Crossing (UMLC) Free Zone by eliminating over 1000 such level crossings? Southern Railway
With which country India signed the much-anticipated deal worth $5.43-billion to buy five S-400 Triumf missile shield systems? Russia
At which place India International Science Festival 2018 with the focal theme 'Science for Transformation' was held from 5th to 8th Oct 2018? Lucknow
What was India's rank in the Human Capital Index 2018 released by the World Bank? 115
What was India's rank in the Asian Para Games 2018? 9th (72 medals, 15 gold)
Name the Managing Director and CEO of ICICI Bank who has resigned from her post six months prior to her retirement? Chanda Kochhar
Name the Indian-American economist who has been appointed the Chief Economist at the International Monetary Fund (IMF)? Gita Gopinath

INTERNATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS AND EVENTS

Name the former President of Sri Lanka who has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of Sri Lanka? Mahinda Rajapaksa
Which South Asian nation is planning to send its first manned space mission in 2022?
The country is planning its first-ever manned space mission in 2022 with the help of China.
Pakistan
On which day United Nations Day is observed across the world? 24th October
Which country is planning to launch its own artificial moon by 2020?
The artificial moon will be able to light an area with a diameter of 10 to 80 kilometers.
China
On which day International Day for Eradication of Poverty was observed across the world?
Theme for 2018: Coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity.
17th October
Which country successfully tested the world's largest unmanned transport drone which can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes?
The drone is named Feihong-98.
China
Which space agency along with the European Space Agency has sent a spacecraft on 7-year journey to explore Mercury? Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Which country was elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) for a period of three years beginning January 1, 2019? India
Who won the Man Booker Prize 2018 for the novel 'Milkman'? Anna Burns
Name the West-Indian cricketer who has announced his retirement from all forms of international cricket? Dwayne Bravo
Which country has become the second country in the world after Uruguay to legalize recreational cannabis? Canada
Name the co-founder of software company Microsoft who passed away at the age of 65 on 15th October 2018?
He along with Bill Gates founded the company Microsoft in 1975. Some products of Microsoft are Windows operating system, Microsoft Office, Skype, SQL Server, etc.
Paul Allen
Who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 'for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics'? Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland
Who was awarded Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 'for the directed evolution of enzymes'? Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter
Who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2018 'for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation'? James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo
Who was awarded Nobel Peace Prize 2018 for courageously combating war crimes and seeking justice for victims? Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad
Who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2018 for (1) 'integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis' and (2) 'for integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis'? (1) William D. Nordhaus and (2) Paul M. Romer
Which country topped the Human Capital Index 2018 released by the World Bank? Singapore
With 172 gold (319 medals in total) which country topped the medal tally in the Asian Para Games 2018? China
Asian Para Games 2018 was held in which country? Indonesia
Which country topped the Global Competitiveness Index 2018?
The ranking was released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) on 16th October 2018.
USA

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