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Learn Geography of India and World

Sl. No.Question - GeographyAnswer
1. In which part of the Earth's atmosphere is Ozone layer present? Stratosphere.
2. Which part of the Earth's atmosphere is suitable for radio communication? Ionosphere.
3. Which is the outermost layer of the Earth's atmosphere? Exosphere.
4. Study of rock is called? Petrology.
5. Granite and Basalt are which type of rocks? Igneous rocks.
6. Deposition of organic and non-organic matter over a period of time produces which type of rocks? Sedimentary rocks.
7. Igneous and Sedimentary rocks undergo changes due to pressure and change in temperature under the Earth's surface, this change led to the formation of which type of rock? Metamorphic rock.
8. The angular distance of a point on the Earth's surface, measured in degrees from the centre of the Earth is called? Lattitude.
9. The angular distance measured in degrees along the equator, east or west of the Prime Meridian is called? Longitude.
10. The line that passes through 180 degree East or West Meridian of longitude which falls on the opposite side of the Greenwich Meridian is called? International Date Line.
11. 0 degree longitude that passes through Greenwich near London is called? Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
12. The 82 and 1/2 degree longitude that passes through Allahabad and is 5 and 1/2 hour ahead of the GMT is called? Indian Standard Time (IST).
13. The two days during the year when the day and night are almost equal throughout the world because the sun shines vertically over the equator is called? Equinox.
14. The imaginary line that passes through the Earth midway between the North pole and the South pole is called? Equator.
15. The imaginary line drawn out on the global map from pole to pole and perpendicular to the Equator is called? Meridian.
16. The position of the Earth in its orbit when it is at the greatest distance from the Sun is called? Aphelion.
17. The position of the orbit of the moon when it is at its greatest distance from the Earth is called? Apogee.
18. The tropical storm in the Carribean or West Pacific Ocean with extremely strong winds is called? Hurricane.
19. The wind which rotates in an anticlock direction in the Northern Hemispher and in a clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere is called? Tornado.
20. The tidal mouth of a river where the salt water of the tide meets the fresh water of the river current is called? Estuary.

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